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Numerical prediction and experimental validation of impact sound radiation by timber joist floors

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Timber joist floors are widely applied in residential buildings. The accurate prediction of the sound radiated by timber joist floors is challenging due to the interaction between the impacting mass and the floor, orthotropy of the joist and plate components, the effects of the floor size and boundary conditions, etc. In the present work, state-of-the-art approaches for the prediction of impact forces, structural vibration, and radiated sound power were combined into a prediction method for the sound pressure level in a room due to sound radiation by an impacted timber joist floor. This method was then extensively validated in a case study. The natural frequencies and mode shapes of the decoupled joists and plates were both experimentally determined and computed from finite element models, and a good agreement was found when an orthotropic material model is considered for all components. A considerable variation in material properties between nominally identical parts was also discovered. The accuracy of the floor assembly model was subsequently investigated, also by means of modal testing. It was found that a correct representation of the boundary conditions plays a key role in the accuracy of the predicted floor vibration field. Finally, the radiated sound pressure levels were measured and computed. A satisfactory agreement between measurement and computation was observed. At very low frequencies, the interaction between the floor and room modes can play an important role, and a modal room model is employed instead.
Tijdschrift: Applied Acoustics
ISSN: 0003-682X
Volume: 162
Jaar van publicatie:2020