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Numerical modelling of the elastic properties of 3D-printed specimens of thermoplastic matrix reinforced with continuous fibres

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Numerical modelling of 3D-printed Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF) specimens with thermoplastic matrices reinforced with continuous fibres is still in its infancy. The existing numerical work is mostly related to the adhesion between printed filaments and not to the mechanical properties. However, the latter are one of the most important parameters that define the structural behaviour of the material.

A numerical three-step multi-scale model is introduced in the present study, concentrating on the fundamental aspect of the elastic properties. The most encountered reinforced Nylon FFF structures with continuous fibres of glass, carbon and, Kevlar, are examined. The concept of Representative Volume Element (RVE) is utilized for the combination of matrix and fibres at the micro-scale and the addition of voids at the meso-scale. Finally, at the macro-scale, tension simulations are performed for specimens with various lay-ups.

The results of the numerical model are validated using analytical models and experimental data. A new analytical micro-mechanical model is developed as an alternative to the more cumbersome Mori–Tanaka model. A series of experimental testing is performed for Kevlar-reinforced Nylon specimens to accompany the limited existing data and aid the validation process. The comparison reveals a good correlation with the analytical models for the micro- and meso-scale and to the experimental data for the macro-scale, leading to a robust conclusion for its validity and efficiency.
Tijdschrift: Composites : Part B, Engineering
ISSN: 1359-8368
Volume: 211
Jaar van publicatie:2021