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A new pathogenic variant in POU3F4 causing deafness due to an incomplete partition of the cochlea paved the way for innovative surgery

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Incomplete partition type III (IP-III) is a relatively rare inner ear malformation that has been associated with a POU3F4 gene mutation. The IP-III anomaly is mainly characterized by incomplete separation of the modiolus of the cochlea from the internal auditory canal. We describe a 71-year-old woman with profound sensorineural hearing loss diagnosed with an IP-III of the cochlea that underwent cochlear implantation. Via targeted sequencing with a non-syndromic gene panel, we identified a heterozygous c.934G > C p. (Ala31Pro) pathogenic variant in the POU3F4 gene that has not been reported previously. IP-III of the cochlea is challenging for cochlear implant surgery for two main reasons: liquor cerebrospinalis gusher and electrode misplacement. Surgically, it may be better to opt for a shorter array because it is less likely for misplacement with the electrode in a false route. Secondly, the surgeon has to consider the insertion angles of cochlear access very strictly to avoid misplacement along the inner ear canal. Genetic results in well describes genotype-phenotype correlations are a strong clinical tool and as in this case guided surgical planning and robotic execution.
Tijdschrift: Genes
ISSN: 2073-4425
Volume: 12
Pagina's: 1 - 14
Jaar van publicatie:2021
Trefwoorden:Genetica en ontwikkelingsbiologie