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Motor cortex metabolite alterations in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis assessed in vivo using edited and non-edited magnetic resonance spectroscopy

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Previous MRI and proton spectroscopy (1H-MRS) studies have revealed impaired neuronal integrity and altered neurometabolite concentrations in the motor cortex of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Here, we aim to use MRI with conventional and novel MRS sequences to further investigate neurometabolic changes in the motor cortex of ALS patients and their relation to clinical parameters. We utilized the novel HERMES (Hadamard Encoding and Reconstruction of MEGA-Edited Spectroscopy) MRS sequence to simultaneously quantify the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA and antioxidant glutathione in ALS patients (n = 7) and healthy controls (n = 7). In addition, we have also quantified other MRS observable neurometabolites using a conventional point-resolved MR spectroscopy (PRESS) sequence in ALS patients (n = 20) and healthy controls (n = 20). We observed a trend towards decreasing glutathione concentrations in the motor cortex of ALS patients (p = 0.0842). In addition, we detected a 11% decrease in N-acetylaspartate (NAA) (p = 0.025), a 15% increase in glutamate + glutamine (Glx) (p = 0.0084) and a 21% increase in myo-inositol (mIns) (p = 0.0051) concentrations for ALS patients compared to healthy controls. Furthermore, significant positive correlations were found between GABA-NAA (p = 0.0480; Rρ = 0.7875) and NAA-mIns (p = 0.0448; Rρ = -0.4651) levels among the patients. NAA levels in the bulbar-onset patient group were found to be significantly (p = 0.0097) lower compared to the limb-onset group. A strong correlation (p < 0.0001; Rρ = -0,8801) for mIns and a weak correlation (p = 0.0066; Rρ = -0,6673) for Glx was found for the disease progression, measured by declining of the ALS Functional Rating Scale-Revised criteria (ALSFRS-R). Concentrations of mIns and Glx also correlated with disease severity measured by forced vital capacity (FVC). Results suggest that mean neurometabolite concentrations detected in the motor cortex may indicate clinical and pathological changes in ALS.
Tijdschrift: Brain Research
ISSN: 0006-8993
Volume: 1718
Pagina's: 22 - 31
Aantal pagina's: 10
Jaar van publicatie:2019