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A Modular Multilevel DC-DC Converter With a Compact Sub-Module Stack Suited to Low Step Ratios

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

© 1986-2012 IEEE. The voltage ratings for dc transmission and distribution are not currently standardized because cable technology is advancing rapidly and therefore a low step-ratio dc-dc converter at multi-megawatt scale is a crucial technology for combining point-to-point dc links into multi-terminal networks. This paper presents a modular multilevel dc-dc converter configuration with only a single stack of half-bridge sub-modules (SM) and a resonant tank. The power processed through the stack is a small fraction of the throughput power if the step ratio is small (1 - boldsymbolv_boldsymbolL/boldsymbolv_boldsymbolH). Detailed analysis shows the required semiconductor ratings are much smaller compared to the front-to-front MMC and modular converters derived from standard dc-dc topologies. Further, the requirement for SM capacitive energy storage is also significantly less than those converters. The theoretical analysis and the operating principles have been verified by full-scale simulation examples and experiments with a down-scaled prototype. The SMs are operated with an adjustable phase shift to create a high frequency excitation across the resonant tank for further volume reduction. The SM capacitors self-balance without the need for switching pattern adjustments and the resonant operation provides soft switching for all power switches to increase efficiency.
Tijdschrift: IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery
ISSN: 0885-8977
Issue: 1
Volume: 34
Pagina's: 312 - 323