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Modelling the left ventricle using rapid prototyping techniques

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Biomechanical research of left ventricular function involves the assessment and understanding of both ventricular wall mechanics and deformation and intraventricular flow patterns, as well as how they interact. Experimental research using hydraulic bench models should therefore aim for an as realistic as possible simulation of both. In previous experimental investigations, wall deformation was studied by means of thin-walled passive experimental models, consisting of a silicone membrane in a closed box, which is squeezed passively by an externally connected piston pump. Although the pump function of these models has already been well established, the membrane deformation remains unpredictable and the effect of muscle contraction - and hence natural wall deformation - cannot be simulated. In this study, we propose a new design of an experimental hydraulic left ventricular model in which left ventricular wall deformation can be controlled. We built this model by a combination of rapid prototyping techniques and tested it to demonstrate its wall deformation and pump function. Our experiments show that circumferential and longitudinal contraction can be attained and that this model can generate fairly normal values of pressure and flow. © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS.
Tijdschrift: IRBM
ISSN: 1959-0318
Issue: 3
Volume: 34
Pagina's: 226 - 234
Jaar van publicatie:2013