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Mechanical evaluation of a patient-specific additively manufactured subperiosteal jaw implant (AMSJI) using finite-element analysis

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Edentulism with associated severe bone loss is a widespread condition that hinders the use of common dental implants. An additively manufactured subperiosteal jaw implant (AMSJI) was designed as an alternative solution for edentulous patients with Cawood and Howell class V-VIII bone atrophy. A biomechanical evaluation of this AMSJI for the maxilla in a Cawood and Howell class V patient was performed via finite-element analysis. Occlusal and bruxism forces were incorporated to assess the loading conditions in the mouth during daily activities. The results revealed a safe performance of the implant structure during the foreseen implantation period of 15 years when exerting average occlusion forces of 200 N. For the deteriorated state of class VIII bone atrophy, increased stresses on the AMSJI were evaluated, which predicted implant fatigue. In addition, excessive bruxism and maximal occlusion forces might induce implant failure due to fatigue. The models predicted bone ingrowth at the implant scaffolds, resulting in extra stability and secondary fixation. For all considered loading conditions, the maximal stresses were located at the AMSJI arms. This area is most sensitive to bending forces and, hence, allows for further design optimization. Finally, the implant is considered safe for normal daily occlusion activities.
Tijdschrift: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
ISSN: 0901-5027
Issue: 3
Volume: 51
Pagina's: 405 - 411
Aantal pagina's: 7
Jaar van publicatie:2022