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Lung-heart toxicity in a randomized clinical trial of hypofractionated image guided radiation therapy for breast cancer

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Background: TomoBreast hypothesized that hypofractionated 15 fractions/3 weeks image-guided radiation therapy (H-IGRT) can reduce lung-heart toxicity, as compared with normofractionated 25-33 fractions/5-7 weeks conventional radiation therapy (CRT).

Methods: In a single center 123 women with stage I-II operated breast cancer were randomized to receive CRT (N=64) or H-IGRT (N=59). The primary endpoint used a composite four-items measure of the time to 10% alteration in any of patient-reported outcomes, physician clinical evaluation, echocardiography or lung function tests, analyzed by intention-to-treat.

Results: At 12 years median follow-up, overall and disease-free survivals between randomized arms were comparable, while survival time free from alteration significantly improved with H-IGRT which showed a gain of restricted mean survival time of 1.46 years over CRT, P=0.041.

Discussion: The finding establishes TomoBreast as a proof-of-concept that hypofractionated image-guided radiation-therapy can improve the sparing of lung-heart function in breast cancer adjuvant therapy without loss in disease-free survival. Hypofractionation is advantageous, conditional on using an advanced radiation technique. Multicenter validation may be warranted.

Trial registration: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00459628. Registered 12 April 2007.
Tijdschrift: Front Oncol
ISSN: 2234-943X
Volume: 13
Jaar van publicatie:2023
Trefwoorden:time-to-alteration analysis, breast neoplasms, targeted radiotherapypulmonary injury, heart damage, health-related quality of life, targeted radiotherapy, pulmonary injury, heart damage, health-related quality of life
Toegankelijkheid:Open