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Loss of 1p36.33 Frequent in low-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

BACKGROUND: Low-grade serous ovarian cancer (LGSOC) is a rare subtype of epithelial ovarian carcinoma. Limited data regarding the molecular-genetic background exist beyond mutations in the RAS signaling pathway. There is a growing need to better characterize these tumors due to chemoresistance and limited therapeutic options in advanced or recurrent disease. METHODS: We performed genome-wide copy number aberration (CNA) profiles and mutation hotspot screening (KRAS, BRAF, NRAS, ERBB2, PIK3CA, TP53) in 38 LGSOC tumor samples. RESULTS: We detected mutations in the RAS-signaling pathway in 36.8% of cases, including seven KRAS, four BRAF, and three NRAS mutations. We identified two mutations in PIK3CA and one mutation in MAP3K1, EGFR, and TP53. CNAs were detected in 86.5% of cases. None of the focal aberrations was correlated with specific clinical characteristics. The most frequently detected CNA was loss of 1p36.33 in 54.1% of cases, with a trend towards lower progression-free survival and overall survival in patients with 1p36.33 loss. CONCLUSIONS: Activating RAS mutations were dominant in our series, with supplementary detection of two PIK3CA mutations which may lead to therapeutic options. Furthermore, we detected 1p36.33 deletions in half of the cases, indicating a role in tumorigenesis, and these deletions may serve as a prognostic marker.
Tijdschrift: Neoplasia
ISSN: 1522-8002
Issue: 6
Volume: 21
Pagina's: 582 - 590
Aantal pagina's: 9
Jaar van publicatie:2019
Trefwoorden:Hematologie en oncologie , Hematologie en oncologie