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Long-acting second-generation injectable antipsychotics for the maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Ondertitel:a narrative review
IntroductionNon-adherence to medication significantly affects bipolar disorder outcomes. Long-Acting Injectable antipsychotics show promise by ensuring adherence and averting relapses.Areas CoveredThis narrative review sought to evaluate the efficacy of second-generation injectable antipsychotics in bipolar disorder through searches in Embase, MEDLINE, and PsycInfo for randomized controlled trials and mirror-image studies.Risperidone and aripiprazole Long-Acting Injectables demonstrated effectiveness in preventing mood recurrences compared to placebos in adults with bipolar disorder. They showed superiority in preventing mania/hypomania relapses over placebos but did not appear to significantly outperform active oral controls. Notably, active controls seem to be more effective in preventing depression relapses than Long-Acting Injectables. Mirror-Image studies point toward the reduction of hospitalization rates following LAI initiation.Areas CoveredThis narrative review sought to evaluate the efficacy of second-generation injectable antipsychotics in bipolar disorder through searches in Embase, MEDLINE, and PsycInfo for randomized controlled trials and mirror-image studies.Risperidone and aripiprazole Long-Acting Injectables demonstrated effectiveness in preventing mood recurrences compared to placebos in adults with bipolar disorder. They showed superiority in preventing mania/hypomania relapses over placebos but did not appear to significantly outperform active oral controls. Notably, active controls seem to be more effective in preventing depression relapses than Long-Acting Injectables. Mirror-Image studies point toward the reduction of hospitalization rates following LAI initiation.Expert opinionThe available evidence points thus toward the efficacy of LAIs, especially in managing manic episodes and reducing hospitalizations, The current evidence does not however immediately support prioritizing LAIs over oral medications in bipolar disorder treatment. More high-quality studies, especially comparing LAIs directly with active controls, are crucial to gain a comprehensive understanding of their efficacy. These findings highlight the need for further research to guide clinicians in optimizing treatment strategies for bipolar disorder.
Tijdschrift: Expert opinion on pharmacotherapy
ISSN: 1465-6566
Volume: 99
Jaar van publicatie:2024
Trefwoorden:A1 Journal article
Toegankelijkheid:Closed