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Laser written glass interposer for fiber coupling to silicon photonic integrated circuits

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Recent advancements in photonic-electronic integration push towards denser multichannel fiber to silicon photonic chip coupling solutions. However, current packaging schemes based on suitably polished fiber arrays do not provide sufficient scalability. Alternatively, lithographically-patterned fused silica glass interposers have been proposed, allowing for the integration of fanout waveguides between a dense array of on-chip silicon waveguides and a cleaved fiber ribbon. In this paper, we propose the use of femtosecond laser inscription for the fabrication of the fused silica glass interposer, allowing for a monolithic integration of waveguides and V-grooves for fiber alignment. The waveguides obtained by Femtosecond Laser Direct Writing (FLDW) have a propagation loss of 0.88 dB/cm at 1550 nm. The mode-field diameter is 12.8 +/- 0.4 mu m, allowing for a coupling loss of 1.24 +/- 0.32 dB when coupling to a standard single mode optical fiber, passively aligned to the fused silica waveguide by insertion in a V-groove created by Femtosecond Laser Irradiation followed by Chemical Etching (FLICE). The average surface roughness of the etched waveguide facet is 160 +/- 5 nm. Scattering loss when coupling to fiber is reduced by use of an index-matching adhesive for fiber fixation. A polished out-of-plane coupling mirror at an angle of 41.5. injects the light into standard grating couplers, providing a quasi-planar fiber-to-chip package. The excess loss of the proposed solution is limited to 2 dB per interface, including mirror, waveguide and fiber coupling losses.
Tijdschrift: IEEE Photonics Journal
ISSN: 1943-0647
Issue: 1
Volume: 13
Aantal pagina's: 1
Jaar van publicatie:2021
Trefwoorden:Elektronica en elektrotechniek, Klassieke natuurkunde , Toegepaste natuurkunde