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Isolation and identification of herbivorous ciliates from contaminated microalgal cultures.

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Ciliates are a common but understudied group of grazers that can invade microalgal cultures. To estimate the potential impact of ciliates on microalgal culture productivity, the identification of species that can invade these cultures is essential. Furthermore, isolation of these herbivorous ciliates allows to use them in experiments that investigate the impact of ciliate grazing on the productivity of microalgal cultures. The main aims of this study were to isolate and identify ciliates that invade cultures of the freshwater microalgae Chlorella and Chlamydomonas, and to establish a live collection of these ciliates for usage in future experiments. To this end, we optimized a method for isolating ciliates from contaminated microalgal cultures and we developed a new PCR primer set for amplifying the partial 18S rDNA of ciliates belonging to the classes Spirotrichea, Oligohymenophorea and Colpodea. As a result, we isolated 11 ciliates from microalgal enrichment cultures inoculated with non-sterile dust and various freshwater sources. Of these 11 species, 7 were found to be feeding on Chlamydomonas. Ciliate species that fed on Chlorella could not be isolated in this study. Ciliate species feeding on Chlamydomonas were identified based on a combination of morphological observations and molecular analyses of partial 18S rDNA sequences.
Tijdschrift: European Journal of Protistology
ISSN: 0932-4739
Volume: 76
Pagina's: 125743
Jaar van publicatie:2020