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IP3 Receptor Biology and Endoplasmic Reticulum Calcium Dynamics in Cancer.

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Intracellular Ca2+ signaling regulates a plethora of cellular functions. A central role in these processes is reserved for the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R), a ubiquitously expressed Ca2+-release channel, mainly located in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Three IP3R isoforms (IP3R1, IP3R2 and IP3R3) exist, encoded respectively by ITPR1, ITPR2 and ITPR3. The proteins encoded by these genes are each about 2700 amino acids long and assemble into large tetrameric channels, which form the target of many regulatory proteins, including several tumor suppressors and oncogenes. Due to the important role of the IP3Rs in cell function, their dysregulation is linked to multiple pathologies. In this review, we highlight the complex role of the IP3R in cancer, as it participates in most of the so-called "hallmarks of cancer". In particular, the IP3R directly controls cell death and cell survival decisions via regulation of autophagy and apoptosis. Moreover, the IP3R impacts cellular proliferation, migration and invasion. Typical examples of the role of the IP3Rs in these various processes are discussed. The relative levels of the IP3R isoforms expressed and their subcellular localization, e.g. at the ER-mitochondrial interface, is hereby important. Finally, evidence is provided about how the knowledge of the regulation of the IP3R by tumor suppressors and oncogenes can be exploited to develop novel therapeutic approaches to fight cancer.
Tijdschrift: Progress in Molecular and Subcellular Biology
ISSN: 0079-6484
Volume: 59
Pagina's: 215 - 237
Jaar van publicatie:2021