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Introducing a pharmacist-led transmural care program to reduce drug-related problems in orthogeriatric patients

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Ondertitel:a prospective interventional study

Background: Orthogeriatric patients have an increased risk for complications due to underlying comorbidities, chronic drug therapy and frequent treatment changes during hospitalization. The clinical pharmacist (CP) plays a key role in transmural communication concerning polypharmacy to improve continuity of care by the general practitioner (GP) after discharge. In this study, a pharmacist-led transmural care program, tailored to orthogeriatric patients, was evaluated to reduce drug related problems (DRPs) after discharge. Methods: An interventional study was performed (pre-period: 1/10/2021-31/12/2021; post-period: 1/01/2022-31/03/2022). Patients (≥ 65 years) from the orthopedic department were included. The pre-group received usual care, the post-group received the pharmacist-led transmural care program. The DRP reduction rate one month after discharge was calculated. Associated factors for the DRP reduction rate were determined in a multiple linear regression analysis. The GP acceptance rate was determined for the proposed interventions, as well as their clinical impact using the Clinical, Economic and Organizational (CLEO) tool. Readmissions one month after discharge were evaluated. Results: Overall, 127 patients were included (control n = 61, intervention n = 66). The DRP reduction rate was statistically significantly higher in the intervention group compared to the control group (p < 0.001). The pharmacist’s intervention was associated with an increased DRP reduction rate (+ 1.750, 95% confidence interval 1.222–2.278). In total, 141 interventions were suggested by the CP, of which 71% were accepted one month after discharge. In both periods, four patients were readmitted one month after discharge. 58% of the interventions had a clinical impact (≥ 2 C level using the CLEO-tool) according to the geriatrician and for the CP it was 45%, indicating that they had the potential to avoid patient harm. Conclusions: The pharmacist-led transmural care program significantly reduced DRPs in geriatric patients from the orthopedic department one month after discharge. The transmural communication with GPs resulted in a high acceptance rate of the proposed interventions.

Tijdschrift: BMC Geriatrics
ISSN: 1471-2318
Issue: 1
Volume: 24
Jaar van publicatie:2024
Trefwoorden:Humans, Aged, Pharmacists, Prospective Studies, Medication Errors, Patient Discharge, Hospitalization
  • WoS Id: 001141790700007
  • PubMed Central Id: PMC10782737
  • Scopus Id: 85182293082
  • ORCID: /0000-0002-8825-8764/work/151888892
  • ORCID: /0000-0003-1170-7389/work/151888904
  • ORCID: /0000-0002-9511-155X/work/151891723
  • ORCID: /0000-0003-3998-6586/work/151892768
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-023-04591-w
Toegankelijkheid:Open