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Influence of soiling on boar taint in boars

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

It has been suggested that skatole, one of the main compounds responsible for boar taint, can be lowered by keeping pigs clean, as skatole can be absorbed through skin and/or lungs (Hansen, Larsen, Jensen, HansenMoller & Bartongade, 1994). With this experiment, we further investigated this hypothesis by comparing extremely clean with extremely dirty animals with regard to the occurrence of boar taint. One group of boars was washed daily and pens were mucked on and littered down daily (CLEAN), a second group of boars was rubbed with faeces daily (DIRTY) and a third group of boars was kept in control conditions (CONTROL). The treatment was performed during the last four weeks before slaughter. According to the standardised consumer panel evaluations, boars subjected to extra soiling had a higher concentration of boar taint than boars that were kept extra clean. In contrast, expert panels judged general meat flavour to be inferior in CLEAN than CONTROL pigs. The home consumer panel, the hot iron method, and laboratory analyses, i.e., the presence of indole, skatole and androstenone in fat and serum, all showed no significant differences. So no clear indications towards skatole reduction by improving cleanliness of pigs were found.
Tijdschrift: Meat Science
ISSN: 0309-1740
Issue: 3
Volume: 87
Pagina's: 175-179
Jaar van publicatie:2011
Trefwoorden:Androstenes, Animal Husbandry, Animals, Feces, Food Contamination, Food Preferences, Hot Temperature, Humans, Indoles, Male, Meat, Quality Control, Random Allocation, Sensation, Skatole, Smell, Subcutaneous Fat, Abdominal, Sus scrofa, Taste