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Induced fit versus conformational selection

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Ondertitel:From rate constants to fluxes… and back to rate constants

Induced fit- (IF) and conformational selection (CS) binding mechanisms have long been regarded to be mutually exclusive. Yet, they are now increasingly considered to produce the final ligand-target complex alongside within a thermodynamic cycle. This viewpoint benefited from the introduction of binding fluxes as a tool for analyzing the overall behavior of such cycle. This study aims to provide more vivid and applicable insights into this emerging field. In this respect, combining differential equation- based simulations and hitherto little explored alternative modes of calculation provide concordant information about the intricate workings of such cycle. In line with previous reports, we observe that the relative contribution of IF increases with the ligand concentration at equilibrium. Yet the baseline contribution may vary from one case to another and simulations as well as calculations show that this parameter is essentially regulated by the dissociation rate of both pathways. Closer attention should be paid to how the contributions of IF and CS compare at physiologically relevant drug/ligand concentrations. To this end, a simple equation discloses how changing a limited set of "microscopic" rate constants can extend the concentration range at which CS contributes most effectively. Finally, it could also be beneficial to extend the utilization of flux- based approaches to more physiologically relevant time scales and alternative binding models.

Tijdschrift: Pharmacology research & perspectives
ISSN: 2052-1707
Issue: 5
Volume: 9
Jaar van publicatie:2021
BOF-publication weight:1
Authors from:Higher Education