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Improving long QT syndrome diagnosis by a polynomial-based T-wave morphology characterization

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

BACKGROUND: Diagnosing long QT syndrome (LQTS) remains challenging because of a considerable overlap in QT interval between patients with LQTS and healthy subjects. Characterizing T-wave morphology might improve LQTS diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to improve LQTS diagnosis by combining new polynomial-based T-wave morphology parameters with the corrected QT interval (QTc), age, and sex in a model. METHODS: A retrospective cohort consisting of 333 patients with LQTS and 345 genotype-negative family members was used in this study. For each patient, a linear combination of the first 2 Hermite-Gauss (HG) polynomials was fitted to the STT segments of an average complex of all precordial leads and limb leads I and II. The weight coefficients as well as the error of the best fit were used to characterize T-wave morphology. Subjects were classified as patients with LQTS or controls by clinical QTc cutoffs and 3 support vector machine models fed with different features. An external cohort consisting of 72 patients and 45 controls was finally used to check the robustness of the models. RESULTS: Baseline QTc cutoffs were specific but had low sensitivity in diagnosing LQTS. The model with T-wave morphology features, QTc, age, and sex had the best overall accuracy (84%), followed by a model with QTc, age, and sex (79%). The model with T-wave morphology features especially performed better in LQTS type 3 patients (69%). CONCLUSION: T-wave morphologies can be characterized by fitting a linear combination of the first 2 Hermite-Gauss polynomials. Adding T-wave morphology characterization to age, sex, and QTc in a support vector machine model improves LQTS diagnosis.
Tijdschrift: Heart Rhythm : The Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
ISSN: 1547-5271
Issue: 5
Volume: 17
Pagina's: 752 - 758
Aantal pagina's: 7
Jaar van publicatie:2020