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Implementation of an enhanced recovery protocol for lung volume reduction surgery: an observational cohort study

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OBJECTIVES: Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) is an established therapeutic option for advanced emphysema. To improve patients' safety and reduce complications, an enhanced recovery protocol (ERP) was implemented. This study aims to describe and evaluate the short-term outcome of this ERP. METHODS: This retrospective single-centre study included all consecutive LVRS patients (1 January 2017 until 15 September 2020). An ERP for LVRS was implemented and stepwise optimised from 1 August 2019, it consisted of changes in pre-, peri- and postoperative care pathways. Patients were compared before and after implementation of ERP. Primary outcome was incidence of postoperative complications (Clavien-Dindo), and secondary outcomes included chest tube duration, incidence of prolonged air leak (PAL), length of stay (LOS) and 90-day mortality. Lung function and exercise capacity were evaluated at 3 and 6 months post-LVRS. RESULTS: Seventy-six LVRS patients were included (pre-ERP: n=41, ERP: n=35). The ERP cohort presented with lower incidence of postoperative complications (42% vs 83%, P=0.0002), shorter chest tube duration (4 vs 12 days, P<0.0001) with a lower incidence of PAL (21% vs 61%, P=0.0005) and shorter LOS (6 vs 14 days, P<0.0001). No in-hospital mortality occurred in the ERP cohort versus 4 pre-ERP. Postoperative forced expiratory volume in 1 s was higher in the ERP cohort compared to pre-ERP at 3 months (1.35 vs 1.02 l) and at 6 months (1.31 vs 1.01 l). CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of ERP as part of a comprehensive reconceptualisation towards LVRS, demonstrated fewer postoperative complications, including PAL, resulting in reduced LOS. Improved short-term functional outcomes were observed at 3 and 6 months.
Tijdschrift: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CARDIO-THORACIC SURGERY
ISSN: 1010-7940
Issue: 4
Volume: 65
Jaar van publicatie:2024
Toegankelijkheid:Embargoed