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Impacts of logging and hunting on western lowland gorilla ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla) populations and consequences for forest regeneration . A review
Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel
Timber exploitation is rapidly expanding throughout the Congo Basin. Forest areas assigned to timber harvesting have sharply expanded over the decades and logging concessions now largely overlap with the range of western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla Savage Wyman, 1847). However this species, which is considered as critically endangered by IUCN, could play an essential role in maintaining the structure and composition of tropical rainforest notably through seed dispersal services. This is likely due to its frugivorous diet, high stomach capacity and ability to swallow seeds of variable sizes. Moreover gorillas have a long gut retention time of ingested food, travel long daily distances and deposit most ingested seeds in suitable habitats for plant development (such as logging gaps). Consequently, the preservation of the role of gorilla in forest regeneration is essential in the context of logged forest ecosystems. Timber harvesting has two major opposing impacts on gorilla populations: on the one hand, gorillas benefit from growth of herbaceous vegetation (e.g. Marantaceae and Zingiberaceae) following forest canopy opening, as such herbs provide both staple food and nest-building materials; on the other hand, gorilla populations suffer with the rise in hunting associated with logging activity, especially with road network installation. Considering the potential negative knock-on effects of logging concessions on the ecological function of western lowland gorilla, the implementation of timber harvesting methods that preserve gorilla populations is a considerable challenge for forest sustainability, as well as for gorilla’s conservation.
Tijdschrift: Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement
Aantal pagina's: 9
Jaar van publicatie:2013
Trefwoorden:biological interaction,congo,du congo,développe rapidement à travers,ecosystems,et conséquences pour la,exploitation du bois d,exploitation forestière et de,exploitation forestière ont rapidement,gorilla,gorilla gorilla,impacts de l,l,la chasse sur les,les forêts du bassin,les surfaces dévolues à,logging,ouest,plaines de l,populations de gorille des,primates,régénération forestière,synthèse bibliographique,tropical forests,oe uvre se, Plant- en bodemkunde en technologie, Omgevingswetenschappen en technologie