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The impact of in-centre haemodialysis treatment on the everyday life of older adults with end-stage kidney disease: a qualitative study

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

BACKGROUND: Older adults with end-stage kidney disease experience a diminished ability to perform the activities of their daily life. For those living at home, the initiation of in-centre haemodialysis treatment (ICHD) carries a risk of cascading functional decline leading to early nursing home placement and mortality. Research on how older adults adapt to their newly impacted daily life is scarce. METHODS: Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted using a purposeful maximum variation sample of older adult (≥65 years) ICHD patients living at home. Interviews were conducted between October and December 2018. Interview coding followed an inductive and broad-based approach. Thematic analysis was used to group meaning units into common themes and subthemes. RESULTS: Twenty patients (12 females) were interviewed. Analysis resulted in two main themes and seven subthemes. The first main theme showed the impact of ICHD on everyday roles and functioning through four subthemes: a stepwise decline in daily activities, managing time, role changes and an incomplete retirement. The second main theme showed potential areas of remediation through three subthemes: the social environment, developing new daily activity patterns and meaningful activities and goals. CONCLUSIONS: The older adults experienced a process of adaptation that generally progressed from a phase of initial disruption towards a period of mere survival. Being able to accept a life on dialysis was intricately connected with the ability to perform activities that were personally meaningful. Early and continued support of meaningful activities may prove valuable in breaking or delaying the cycle of functional decline.
Tijdschrift: Clinical Kidney Journal
ISSN: 2048-8505
Issue: 10
Volume: 16
Pagina's: 1674 - 1683
Jaar van publicatie:2023
Toegankelijkheid:Open