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HINT1 founder mutation causing axonal neuropathy with neuromyotonia in South America

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Ondertitel:a case report
Background: Recessive loss-of-function mutations in HINT1 are associated with predominantly motor axonal peripheral neuropathy with neuromyotonia. Twenty-four distinct pathogenic variants are reported all over the world, including four confirmed founder variations in Europe and Asia. The majority of patients carry the ancient Slavic founder variant c.110G>C (p.Arg37Pro) that shows a distribution gradient from east to west throughout Europe. Methods: We report a case of HINT1 neuropathy in South America, identified by massive parallel sequencing of a neuropathy gene panel. To investigate the origin of the variant, we performed haplotyping analysis. Results: A Brazilian adolescent presented with recessive axonal motor neuropathy with asymmetric onset and fasciculations. Neuromyotonia was found on needle electromyography. His parents were not consanguineous and had no European ancestry. The patient carried biallelic pathogenic p.Arg37Pro alterations in the first exon of HINT1. Both alleles were identical by descent and originated from the same ancestral founder allele as reported in Europe. Conclusion: Our findings expand the geographic distribution of HINT1 neuropathy to South America, where we describe a recognized founder variant in a Brazilian adolescent with no apparent European ancestry. We confirm the association of the hallmark sign of neuromyotonia with the disease.
Tijdschrift: Molecular genetics & genomic medicine
ISSN: 2324-9269
Volume: 9
Aantal pagina's: 7
Jaar van publicatie:2021
Trefwoorden:A1 Journal article