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High-precision isotopic analysis of serum and whole blood Cu, Fe and Zn to assess possible homeostasis alterations due to bariatric surgery

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Bariatric surgery is an effective procedure to achieve weight loss in obese patients. However, homeostasis of essential metals may be disrupted as the main absorption site is bypassed. In this study, we determined Cu, Fe and Zn isotopic compositions in paired serum and whole blood samples of patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery for evaluation of longitudinal changes and their potential relation to mineral element concentrations and relevant clinical parameters used for monitoring the patient's condition. Samples from eight patients were collected pre-surgery and at 3, 6 and 12 months post-surgery. Multi-collector inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS) was used for high-precision isotope ratio measurements. Alterations in metal homeostasis related to bariatric surgery were reflected in the serum and whole blood Cu, Fe and Zn isotopic compositions. The serum and whole blood Cu became isotopically lighter (lower delta Cu-65 values) after bariatric surgery, reaching statistical significance at 6 months post-surgery (p < 0.05). The difference between the serum and the whole blood Zn isotopic composition increased after surgery, reaching significance from 6 months post-surgery onwards (p < 0.05). Those changes in Cu, Fe and Zn isotopic compositions were not accompanied by similar changes in their respective concentrations, making isotopic analysis more sensitive to physiological changes than elemental content. Furthermore, the Zn isotopic composition correlates with blood glycaemic and lipid parameters, while the Fe isotopic composition correlates with glycaemic parameters.
Tijdschrift: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
ISSN: 1618-2642
Issue: 3
Volume: 412
Pagina's: 727 - 738
Jaar van publicatie:2020