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High Levels of Kinesiophobia at Discharge from The Hospital May Negatively Affect the Short-Term Functional Outcome of Patients Who Have Undergone Knee Replacement Surgery

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

BACKGROUND: Kinesiophobia is a psycho-cognitive factor that hampers recovery after orthopedic surgery. No evidence exists on the influence of kinesiophobia on the short-term recovery of function in patients with knee replacement (KR). Therefore, the aim of the present study is to investigate the impact of kinesiophobia on short-term patient-reported outcomes (PROMs) and performance-based measures (PBMs). METHODS: Forty-three KR patients filled in the Tampa scale for kinesiophobia (TSK) at time of discharge. Patients with TSK ≥ 37 were allocated to the kinesiophobia group (n = 24), others to the no-kinesiophobia group (n = 19). Patients were asked to complete PROMs and to execute PBMs at discharge and at 6-weeks follow-up. An independent samples t-test was used to compare group differences for PROMs and PBMs at both measurement sessions. Multiple linear regression analysis models were used to model PBM outcomes from age, pain and TSK scores. RESULTS: Significant differences were observed between groups for PROMs and PBMs. Kinesiophobia significantly contributed to the reduced functional outcomes. CONCLUSION: At discharge from the hospital, 55.8% of KR patients demonstrated high levels of kinesiophobia (TSK ≥ 37). This may negatively influence short-term recovery of these patients, by putting them at higher risk for falling and reduced functionality.
Tijdschrift: Journal of Clinical Medicine
ISSN: 2077-0383
Issue: 3
Volume: 9