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Heat-induced denaturation and aggregation of protein in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) seeds and whole meal

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Physical barriers hinder about 20-25% of the protein from being extracted from whole meal. Heat-induced denaturation and aggregation of protein in quinoa seeds and in whole meal was investigated. Maximally 37% of the protein in seeds covalently aggregate when boiling for 15 min. Although embryonic cell walls surrounding protein bodies remain intact during boiling of seeds, protein aggregation is not hindered. 11S Globulin monomers first dissociate into their acidic and basic subunits which further assemble into large (> 500 kDa) mainly disulfide-linked aggregates. 2S Albumins are not involved in covalent aggregation but partially leach during seed boiling. The presence of disrupted food matrix constituents in whole meal delays denaturation and causes less aggregation of protein in whole meal than in seeds. Globulins still dissociate into their subunits but less and mainly small covalent aggregates (ca. 100-500 kDa) are formed. These novel insights allow developing new quinoa-based food products.
Tijdschrift: Food Chemistry
ISSN: 0308-8146
Volume: 372
Aantal pagina's: 9
Jaar van publicatie:2022
Trefwoorden:Voedings- en dierkunde en technologie, Toegepaste scheikunde en chemische ingenieurswetenschappen, Parageneeskundige wetenschappen