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Glycolaldehyde-Derived High-Molecular-Weight Advanced Glycation End-Products Induce Cardiac Dysfunction through Structural and Functional Remodeling of Cardiomyocytes

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Background/Aims: High-molecular-weight advanced glycation end-products (HMW-AGEs) are abundantly present in our Western diet. There is growing evidence reporting that HMW-AGEs contribute to the development of cardiovascular dysfunction in vivo, next to the well-known low-molecular-weight AGEs. The goal of our study is to assess the ultrastructure and function of cardiomyocytes after chronic exposure to HMW-AGEs. A better understanding of underlying mechanisms is essential to create new opportunities for further research on the specific role of HMW-AGEs in the development and progression of cardiovascular diseases. Methods: Adult male rats were randomly assigned to daily intraperitoneal injection for six weeks with either HMW-AGEs (20 mg/kg/day) or a control solution. Hemodynamic measurements were performed at sacrifice. Single cardiomyocytes from the left ventricle were obtained by enzymatic dissociation through retrograde perfusion of the aorta. Unloaded cell shortening, time to peak and time to 50% relaxation were measured during field stimulation and normalized to diastolic length. L-type Ca 2+ current density (I CaL) and steady-state inactiva-tion of I CaL were measured during whole-cell ruptured patch clamp. Myofilament functional properties were measured in membrane-permeabilized cardiomyocytes. Ultrastructural examination of cardiac tissue was performed using electron microscopy. Results: Rats injected with HMW-AGEs displayed in vivo cardiac dysfunction, characterized by significant changes in
Tijdschrift: Cellular physiology and biochemistry (Print)
ISSN: 1015-8987
Issue: 5
Volume: 54
Pagina's: 809 - 824
Jaar van publicatie:2020
Trefwoorden:High-molecular-weight advanced glycation end-products •, AGEs •, Adult rat cardiomyocytes •, Electrophysiology •, Electron microscopy •, Mitochondria