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A genomic appraisal of invasive Salmonella Typhimurium and associated antibiotic resistance in sub-Saharan Africa

Tijdschriftbijdrage - e-publicatie

Invasive non-typhoidal Salmonella (iNTS) disease manifesting as bloodstream infection with high mortality is responsible for a huge public health burden in sub-Saharan Africa. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium ( S . Typhimurium) is the main cause of iNTS disease in Africa. By analysing whole genome sequence data from 1303  S . Typhimurium isolates originating from 19 African countries and isolated between 1979 and 2017, here we show a thorough scaled appraisal of the population structure of iNTS disease caused by S . Typhimurium across many of Africa’s most impacted countries. At least six invasive S . Typhimurium clades have already emerged, with ST313 lineage 2 or ST313-L2 driving the current pandemic. ST313-L2 likely emerged in the Democratic Republic of Congo around 1980 and further spread in the mid 1990s. We observed plasmid-borne as well as chromosomally encoded fluoroquinolone resistance underlying emergences of extensive-drug and pan-drug resistance. Our work provides an overview of the evolution of invasive S . Typhimurium disease, and can be exploited to target control measures.
Tijdschrift: Nature communications
ISSN: 2041-1723
Volume: 14
Pagina's: 1 - 17
Jaar van publicatie:2023
Trefwoorden:A1 Journal article