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Functional antagonism of voltage-gated K+ channel alpha-subunits in the developing brain ventricular system

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

The brain ventricular system is essential for neurogenesis and brain homeostasis. Its neuroepithelial lining effects these functions, but the underlying molecular pathways remain to be understood. We found that the potassium channels expressed in neuroepithelial cells determine the formation of the ventricular system. The phenotype of a novel zebrafish mutant characterized by denudation of neuroepithelial lining of the ventricular system and hydrocephalus is mechanistically linked to Kcng4b, a homologue of the 'silent' voltage-gated potassium channel alpha-subunit K(v)6.4. We demonstrated that Kcng4b modulates proliferation of cells lining the ventricular system and maintains their integrity. The gain of Kcng4b function reduces the size of brain ventricles. Electrophysiological studies suggest that Kcng4b mediates its effects via an antagonistic interaction with Kcnb1, the homologue of the electrically active delayed rectifier potassium channel subunit K(v)2.1. Mutation of kcnb1 reduces the size of the ventricular system and its gain of function causes hydrocephalus, which is opposite to the function of Kcng4b. This demonstrates the dynamic interplay between potassium channel subunits in the neuroepithelium as a novel and crucial regulator of ventricular development in the vertebrate brain.
Tijdschrift: Development
ISSN: 0950-1991
Volume: 143
Pagina's: 4249 - 4260
Jaar van publicatie:2016
CSS-citation score:1
Authors from:Higher Education