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Experimental evidence that phosphorus fertilization and arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis can reduce the carbon cost of phosphorus uptake

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1. Plants allocate substantial amounts of carbon (C) below‐ground to obtain nutrients and other resources. 2. Increasing nutrient availability typically reduces the C investment in root growth and mycorrhizal fungi, hence reducing the C cost of nutrient acquisition. This C cost of nutrient acquisition, however, remains poorly quantified. 3. In a P fertilization experiment with Zea mays, we examined below‐ground C allocation and the C cost of phosphorus (P) uptake. In addition, we compared plants inoculated with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) to those growing in pasteurized soil to examine the same measures in the absence of AMF. 4. P fertilization tended to increase above‐ground plant growth more than it increased the total below‐ground C flux (TBCF; root growth plus rhizosphere respiration), suggesting a reduced investment in nutrient acquisition. This was confirmed by a negative fertilization effect on the TBCF‐to‐total plant P ratio (~25% reduction for high vs. low P fertilization). Soil pasteurization increased this proxy for the C cost of P uptake (~50% increase). 5. This novel quantification of the influence of P availability and mycorrhizal fungi on plant–soil C partitioning can guide the incorporation of these processes in vegetation models.
Tijdschrift: Functional Ecology
ISSN: 0269-8463
Volume: 99
Aantal pagina's: 11
Jaar van publicatie:2019
Trefwoorden:Ecologie en toegepaste ecologie