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Evaluation of various boar taint detection methods

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of various boar taint detection methods, measure the relationship between them and identify possible points of improvement for boar taint detection. The methods used to evaluate boar taint in the carcasses of 448 entire male pigs and 17 barrows were the hot iron method (n5442), a standardised (n5323) and home (n558) consumer meat-evaluation panel, an expert panel assessment of meat and fat (n5464) and laboratory analysis of skatole, androstenone and indole in fat (n5464). The axillary odour of a number of slaughtered entire male pigs was also investigated (n5231). As correlation coefficients were generally weak, a positive result for one of these detection methods did not per se result in a positive result for all other methods. Results of one detection method could not be generalised. The choice to use one or more detection methods deserves consideration depending on the aim of the study. In this paper, we suggest some possible improvements for evaluating boar taint with a consumer panel based on our results and experience. The home consumer evaluation was correlated with the concentration of indole (r50.27) but not with skatole or androstenone. We therefore recommend that lab analyses include indole testing. The hot iron method seems to be an easy and fast detection method, which yields comparable or better correlation coefficients with the other detection methods than an expert panel evaluating fat samples. However, the reliability of the hot iron method depends on the training and reliability of one or two assessors. Efforts should be made to further optimise this method by evaluating the effect of testing conditions. The axillary odour score was moderately correlated with the other detection methods (up to 0.32). More research is needed to evaluate the possibilities of axillary odour as a boar taint detection method.
Tijdschrift: Animal
ISSN: 1751-7311
Issue: 11
Volume: 6
Pagina's: 1868-1877
Jaar van publicatie:2012
  • Scopus Id: 84867061850
Toegankelijkheid:Closed