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Evaluation of four laboratory-based SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody immunoassays

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic performances of four SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody immunoassays.

METHODS: Following immunoassays were studied: Abbott's SARS-CoV-2 IgG assay, Diasorin's Liaison SARS-CoV-2 S2/S2 IgG assay, Euroimmun's Anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG ELISA, and Roche's Elecsys Anti-SARS-CoV-2 assay. Specificity was retrospectively evaluated with 38 samples from 2019. Sensitivity samples (n = 147) were taken from SARS-CoV-2 real-time PCR-positive patients who developed COVID-19 symptoms ten days earlier.

RESULTS: Mean specificity was 96.6%. Mean sensitivity was 62.7% from ten days after onset of symptoms, 84.4% from 15 days after onset of symptoms, and 87.5% from 20 days after onset of symptoms.

CONCLUSIONS: Specificity was high, while Abbott and Roche were 100% specific. Sensitivity increased over time, with Abbott and Roche having the highest sensitivity at all time points with ≥90% from 20 days after symptoms' onset. These findings may assist in selecting SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody immunoassays for additional diagnostics, epidemiological research, and vaccine development.

Tijdschrift: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
ISSN: 0732-8893
Issue: 1
Volume: 100
Aantal pagina's: 4
Jaar van publicatie:2021
Trefwoorden:COVID-19, IgG, Immunoassay, SARS-CoV-2, Sensitivity, Specificity