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Effect of sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on gastrointestinal physiology

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

BACKGROUND: Knowledge regarding the gastrointestinal physiology after sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is urgently needed to understand, prevent and treat the nutritional and pharmacological complications of bariatric surgery. AIM: To investigate the effect of sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on gastrointestinal motility (e.g., transit and pressure), pH, and intestinal bile acid concentration. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An exploratory cross-sectional study was performed in six participants living with obesity, six participants who underwent sleeve gastrectomy, and six participants who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. During the first visit, a wireless motility capsule (SmartPill¬©) was ingested after an overnight fast to measure gastrointestinal transit, pH, and pressure. During the second visit, a gastric emptying scintigraphy test of a nutritional drink labeled with 99mTc-colloid by a dual-head SPECT gamma camera was performed to measure gastric emptying half-time (GET1/2). During the third visit, two customized multiple lumen aspiration catheters were positioned to collect fasting and postprandial intestinal fluids to measure bile acid concentration. RESULTS: Immediate pouch emptying (P = 0.0007) and a trend for faster GET1/2 (P = 0.09) were observed in both bariatric groups. There was a tendency for a shorter orocecal transit in participants with sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (P = 0.08). The orocecal segment was characterized by a higher 25th percentile pH (P = 0.004) and a trend for a higher median pH in both bariatric groups (P = 0.07). Fasting total bile acid concentration was 7.5-fold higher in the common limb after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (P < 0.0001) and 3.5-fold higher in the jejunum after sleeve gastrectomy (P = 0.009) compared to obesity. Postprandial bile acid concentration was 3-fold higher in the jejunum after sleeve gastrectomy (P = 0.0004) and 6.5-fold higher in the common limb after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (P < 0.0001) compared to obesity. CONCLUSION: The anatomical alterations of sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass have an important impact on gastrointestinal physiology. This data confirms changes in transit and pH and provides the first evidence for altered intraluminal bile acid concentration.
Tijdschrift: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
ISSN: 0939-6411
Volume: 183
Pagina's: 92 - 101
Jaar van publicatie:2023
Toegankelijkheid:Open