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Diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungal fruit bodies in Comoé National Park, a Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage in Côte d’Ivoire (West Africa)

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

The key role of ectomycorrhizal (EcM) fungi in ecosystems functioning has been demonstrated worldwide. However, their diversity, spatial distribution, fruiting phenology and production as influenced by climatic parameters variability remain poorly understood in tropical African forests. Weekly surveys were conducted from April to early October 2014 at the Comoé National Park (CNP),Côte d’Ivoire (West Africa) in 09 permanent plots established in Isoberlinia doka (IW), Uapaca togoensis (UW) and Mixed (MW) woodlands. Non metric multidimensional scaling (NMDS) of EcM fungi abundance was run to assess the influence of environment tal parameters on fungi distribution using the packageVEGAN. Hierarchical clustering based on dissimilarity and indicator species analysis were run to characterize fungi communities. Analyses were computed with the statistical program R. A total of 123 EcM fungi species belonging to 23 genera and 09 families were collected at CNP. Simpson diversity (1- D) and evenness were 0.97 and 0.54, 0.97 and 0.61, 0.96 and 0.52 for IW, MW and UW respectively. Yet, weekly-based species accumulation curves did not reach an asymptote. Stem density of U. togoensis Pax (UTDen) and I. doka Craib & Stapf were the most important tree parameters influencing EcM fungi distribution (respectively r2 = 0.92 / p-value = 0.002 and r2 = 0.83 / p-value = 0.018). Two sites groups were distinguished and four indicators species were identified.
Issue: 2
Volume: 9
Pagina's: 27-44