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Development and evaluation of the iron oxide-hydroxide based resin gel for the diffusive gradient in thin films technique

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An ion-exchange resin Lewatit FO 36 was used for the preparation of a new resin gel for the diffusive gradient in thin films technique (DGT). The DGT method was optimized for the accumulation of four bioavailable arsenic species (AsIII, AsV, monomethylarsonic acid, dimethylarsinic acid) in the aquatic environment. The total sorption capacity of Lewatit FO 36 resin gel was 535 μg As disc−1. The microwave-assisted extraction in the presence of NaCl (10 g L−1) and NaOH (10 g L−1) was used for the isolation of arsenic species from the Lewatit FO 36 resin gel. The elution efficiency of arsenic was 98.4 ± 2.0%. Arsenic was determined by the optimized electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry (ET-AAS) method using palladium modifier, pre-atomization cool-down step and tungsten carbides coating of graphite tube. The Lewatit FO 36 resin gel provides accurate results (cDGT/cSOL ratio 0.86–1.00) in the pH range 4–8. No significant influence of experimental conditions was observed in the presence of chlorides (0–0.5 mol L−1) and humic acid (0–100 mg L−1). Only a very high concentration of phosphates (10 mg L−1) caused a slight decrease in the diffusion coefficients of MMA and AsV species (8.4% and 12.4%, respectively). The presence of iron (0–1 mg L−1) caused a decrease in the diffusion coefficients, but with regard to the common concentrations of iron (less than 0.3 mg L−1), the negative effect was considered not significant for AsIII and DMA in natural water. The DGT-ET-AAS method was applied for the determination of bioavailable arsenic species in the spiked river water samples and also in-situ in the water reservoir. The new resin gel was characterized by a homogeneous gel structure with excellent reproducibility (< 5% variation of results between batches) and high sorption capacity which suggests its possible long-term application (up to 286 days in the environment with the arsenic concentration of 100 μg L−1).
Tijdschrift: Analytica Chimica Acta
ISSN: 0003-2670
Volume: 1102
Pagina's: 36-45
Aantal pagina's: 10
Jaar van publicatie:2020