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Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of novel acetamide-substituted doravirine and its prodrugs as potent HIV-1 NNRTIs

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

A novel series of acetamide-substituted derivatives and two prodrugs of doravirine were designed and synthesized as potent HIV-1 NNRTIs by employing the structure-based drug design strategy. In MT-4 cell-based assays using the MTT method, it was found that most of the new compounds exhibited moderate to excellent inhibitory potency against the wild-type (WT) HIV-1 strain with a minimum EC50 value of 54.8 nM. Among them, the two most potent compounds 8i (EC50 = 59.5 nM) and 8k (EC50 = 54.8 nM) displayed robust activity against WT HIV-1 with double-digit nanomolar EC50 values, being superior to lamivudine (3TC, EC50 = 12.8 μM) and comparable to doravirine (EC50 = 13 nM). Besides, 8i and 8k shown moderate activity against the double RT mutant (K103N + Y181C) HIV-1 RES056 strain. The HIV-1 RT inhibition assay further validated the binding target. Molecular simulation of the representative compounds was employed to provide insight on their structure-activity relationships (SARs) and direct future design efforts. Finally, the aqueous solubility and chemical stability of the prodrugs 9 and 10 were investigated in detail.
Tijdschrift: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
ISSN: 0968-0896
Issue: 3
Volume: 27
Pagina's: 447 - 456
Aantal pagina's: 10
Jaar van publicatie:2019
Trefwoorden:Biochemie & -fysica en Moleculaire biologie, Organische en medische scheikunde