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Design, synthesis, and biologic evaluation of novel galloyl derivatives as HIV-1 RNase H inhibitors

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) reverse transcriptase (RT)-associated ribonuclease H (RNase H) remains as the only enzyme encoded within the viral genome not targeted by current antiviral drugs. In this work, we report the design, synthesis, and biologic evaluation of a novel series of galloyl derivatives with HIV-1 RNase H inhibitory activity. Most of them showed IC50 s at sub- to low-micromolar concentrations in enzymatic assays. The most potent compound was II-25 that showed an IC50 of 0.72 ± 0.07 μM in RNase H inhibition assays carried out with the HIV-1BH10 RT. II-25 was 2.8 times more potent than β-thujaplicinol in these assays. Interestingly, II-25 and other galloyl derivatives were also found to inhibit the HIV IN strand transfer activity in vitro. Structure-activity relationships (SAR) studies and molecular modeling analysis predict key interactions with RT residues His539 and Arg557, while providing helpful insight for further optimization of selected compounds.
Tijdschrift: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
ISSN: 1747-0277
Issue: 4
Volume: 93
Pagina's: 582 - 589
Aantal pagina's: 8
Jaar van publicatie:2019
Trefwoorden:Biochemie & -fysica en Moleculaire biologie, Organische en medische scheikunde