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Congruency reversals in an accessory signal Simon task with auditory and visual stimuli
Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel
In visual two-choice reaction-time tasks, a Simon-like effect occurs when a peripheral accessory signal is presented shortly before or together with the response signal. However, the effect reverses when the peripheral signal appears shortly after the response signal. This pattern also occurs when the peripheral signal appears relative to a go (nogo) signal, with the relevant signal presented well in advance. The reversal has been explained as the inhibition of exogenous response-code activation as soon as an action plan has been developed. In three experiments we investigated whether the inhibition also occurred with auditory and crossmodal stimuli. A Simon effect appeared in all experiments, but the reversal only occurred when peripheral and relevant response signals were auditory, and not when the relevant and irrelevant signals were in a different modality. We suggest that planned actions are protected against exogenous interference by a modality specific inhibitory process, determined by the relevant features of the task set.
Tijdschrift: Acta Psychologica
Aantal pagina's: 7
Jaar van publicatie:2010
Trefwoorden:Congruency effect, event files, crossmodal, Simon reversal