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Conformational restriction design of thiophene-biphenyl-DAPY HIV-1 non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors.

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Conformational restriction is a promising strategy in the development of DAPY-type non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs). Herein, eighteen thiophene-biphenyl-DAPY derivatives were designed and synthesized as potent HIV-1 NNRTIs in which halogen and methyl groups were introduced to explore the conformationally constrained effects. Molecular docking and dynamic simulation analysis indicated that substituents on different positions of the biphenyl ring induced different dihedral angles and binding conformations, further explaining their anti-viral activities. The 2'-fluoro and 3'-chloro substitutions could form electrostatic or halogen-bonding interactions with adjacent residues of the RT enzyme. The 2'-methyl group contributed to enlarge the dihedral angle of biphenyl ring and was positioned to a space-filling hydrophobic pocket. Notably, compounds 22 and 23 with two methyl groups exhibited potent biological activity against WT HIV-1-infected MT-4 cells (EC50 = 14 and 17 nM, respectively) and RT enzyme (EC50 = 27 and 42 nM, respectively). In particular, 23 exhibited much lower cytotoxicity (CC50 = 264.19 μM) and higher selectivity index (SI = 18,564) than etravirine. Taken together, a rational conformational model for further design of DAPYs is proposed, providing a new guidance for the development of NNRTIs.
Tijdschrift: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
ISSN: 0223-5234
Volume: 182
Pagina's: 111603
Jaar van publicatie:2019
Trefwoorden:Organische en medische scheikunde