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Comprehensive geriatric assessment as an essential tool to register or update DNR codes in a tertiary care hospital

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

PurposeTo investigate the prevalence of Do not Resuscitate (DNR) code registration in patients with a geriatric profile admitted to Antwerp University Hospital, a tertiary care hospital in Flanders, Belgium, and the impact of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) on DNR code registration. Patients and methodsRetrospective analysis of a population of 543 geriatric patients (mean age 82.4 +/- 5.19 years, 46.4% males) admitted to Antwerp University Hospital from 2018 to 2020 who underwent a CGA during admission. An association between DNR code registration status before and at hospital admission and age, gender, ethnicity, type of residence, clinical frailty score (CFS), cognitive and oncological status, hospital ward and stay on intensive care was studied. Admissions before and during the first wave of the pandemic were compared. ResultsAt the time of hospital admission, a DNR code had been registered for 66.3% (360/543) of patients. Patients with a DNR code at hospital admission were older (82.7 +/- 5.5 vs. 81.7 +/- 4.6 years, p = 0.031), more frail (CFS 5.11 +/- 1.63 vs. 4.70 +/- 1.61, p = 0.006) and less likely to be admitted to intensive care. During the hospital stay, the proportion of patients with a DNR code increased to 77% before and to 85.3% after CGA (p < 0.0001). Patients were consulted about and agreed with the registered DNR code in 55.8% and 52.1% of cases, respectively. The proportion of patients with DNR codes at the time of admission or registered after CGA did not differ significantly before and after the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. ConclusionAfter CGA, a significant increase in DNR registration was observed in hospitalized patients with a geriatric profile.
Tijdschrift: European geriatric medicine
ISSN: 1878-7649
Volume: 15
Pagina's: 295 - 303
Jaar van publicatie:2024
Trefwoorden:A1 Journal article