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Combined ultrasound of m. quadriceps and diaphragm to determine the occurrence of sarcopenia and prolonged ventilation in a COVID-19 ICU cohort

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Ondertitel:the COVID-SARCUS trial
Objective The aim of this study was to determine the development of sarcopenia in a COVID-19 intensive care unit population by sequential quadriceps and diaphragm ultrasound and its relationship with hospital outcomes. Methods We assessed muscle thickness, cross-sectional area, fascicle length, pennation angle, and echo intensity within 48 h after intubation, at days 5 and 10 and at discharge from the intensive care unit in 30 critically ill patients with confirmed COVID-19. Results A different evolution of muscle thickness of the diaphragm and m. rectus femoris was observed; the changes between the two muscles were not correlated (Pearson's χ2 3.91, P = 0.419). The difference in muscle thickness was linked to the outcome for both m. rectus femoris and diaphragm, with the best survival seen in the group with stable muscle thickness. The greatest loss of muscle thickness occurred between days 5 and 10. The echo intensity was higher in the patients with increased muscle thickness, who also had a worse prognosis. There was a correlation between cross-sectional area on day 5 and handgrip strength (r = 0.290, P = 0.010). Only 31% of patients were able to return to their preadmission residence without any additional rehabilitation. Conclusions Muscle atrophy and decline in muscle strength appear in the earliest stages after admission to the intensive care unit and are related to functional outcome.
Tijdschrift: Nutrition
ISSN: 0899-9007
Volume: 117
Pagina's: 1 - 9
Jaar van publicatie:2024
Trefwoorden:A1 Journal article