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Characterization of a 3D Printed Endovascular Magnetic Catheter

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Minimally invasive endovascular procedures rely heavily on catheter devices. However, traditional catheters lack active steering requiring considerable skill on the surgeon’s part to accurately position the tip. While catheter tips could be made steerable using tendon-driven and Pneumatic Artificial Muscle ( PAM) approaches, remote magnetic actuation is uniquely suited for this task due to its safety, controllability, and intrinsic miniaturization capabilities. Soft composite magnetic materials feature embedding distributed magnetic microparticles compared with attaching discrete permanent magnets proving beneficial in steerability and control. This work demonstrates the fabrication of a soft hollow magnetic tip that can be attached to a catheter to make the assembly steerable. The catheter tip is extensively characterized in terms of bending hysteresis, bending force, and dynamic response. The catheter showed average hysteresis between 5% and 10% and bending forces up to 0.8 N. It also showed a good dynamic response by changing its bending angle in <200 ms under a step response.
Tijdschrift: Actuators
ISSN: 2076-0825
Issue: 11
Volume: 12
Jaar van publicatie:2023
Toegankelijkheid:Open