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Bioelectronics in the brain-gut axis: focus on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Accumulating evidence shows that intestinal homeostasis is mediated by cross-talk between the nervous system, enteric neurons and immune cells, together forming specialized neuroimmune units at distinct anatomical locations within the gut. In this review, we will particularly discuss how the intrinsic and extrinsic neuronal circuitry regulates macrophage function and phenotype in the gut during homeostasis and aberrant inflammation, such as observed in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Furthermore, we will provide an overview of basic and translational IBD research using these neuronal circuits as a novel therapeutic tool. Finally, we will highlight the different challenges ahead to make bioelectronic neuromodulation a standard treatment for intestinal immune-mediated diseases.
Tijdschrift: International Immunology
ISSN: 0953-8178
Issue: 6
Volume: 33
Pagina's: 337 - 348
Jaar van publicatie:2021