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Benefit/risk profile of dapagliflozin 5 mg in theDEPICT-1 and-2 trials in individuals with type 1 diabetes and body mass index >= 27 kg/m(2)

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AIM: The DEPICT-1 and -2 studies (NCT02268214, NCT02460978) evaluated the efficacy and safety of dapagliflozin in individuals with type 1 diabetes who were receiving intensive insulin therapy. The DEPICT-1 and -2 studies (NCT02268214, NCT02460978) evaluated the efficacy and safety of dapagliflozin in individuals with type 1 diabetes. This post-hoc study investigated the safety and efficacy of dapagliflozin in individuals with BMI ≥27 kg/m2 to assess if the benefit/risk ratio associated with dapagliflozin treatment can be further improved than that observed in the overall DEPICT population. METHODS: Changes in glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and body weight, percentage change in daily insulin dose and proportion of participants achieving HbA1c reduction ≥0.5% without severe hypoglycaemia were evaluated at weeks 24 and 52. Changes in mean interstitial glucose, mean amplitude of glycaemic excursions and time in target glycaemic range were evaluated at week 24. Safety was assessed until week 56. RESULTS: Week-52 adjusted mean (SE) change from baseline for HbA1c was -0.26% (0.05) with dapagliflozin versus +0.08% (0.05) with placebo and for body weight was -2.74 kg (0.25) with dapagliflozin versus +0.81 kg (0.26) with placebo. Mean (SE) percentage change in daily insulin dose was -10.5% (1.23) with dapagliflozin versus -1.4% (1.36) with placebo. Time spent in target glycaemic range increased by 2.2 h/day versus placebo. Dapagliflozin was well tolerated, with fewer participants experiencing diabetic ketoacidosis (dapagliflozin, 1.7%; placebo, 1.0%) than dapagliflozin 5 mg receiving participants in the pooled DEPICT populations. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with the pooled DEPICT population, the benefit/risk profile of adjunct dapagliflozin therapy was more favourable in individuals with type 1 diabetes with body mass index ≥27 kg/m2 because of the reduced risk of diabetic ketoacidosis in this population.
Tijdschrift: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
ISSN: 1462-8902
Issue: 11
Volume: 22
Pagina's: 2151 - 2160
Aantal pagina's: 10
Jaar van publicatie:2020
Trefwoorden:Endocrinologie en metabole geneeskunde