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An automatic method for determining the anatomical relevant space for fast volumetric cardiac imaging

Boekbijdrage - Boekhoofdstuk Conferentiebijdrage

© 2015 IEEE. Fast volumetric cardiac imaging requires to reduce the number of transmit events within a single volume. One way of achieving this is by limiting the field-of-view (FOV) of the recording to the anatomically relevant domain only (e.g. the myocardium when investigating cardiac mechanics). Although fully automatic solutions towards myocardial segmentation exist, translating that information in a fast ultrasound scan sequence is not trivial. The aim of this study was therefore to develop a methodology to automatically define the FOV from a volumetric dataset in the context of anatomical scanning. Hereto, a method is proposed where the anatomical relevant space is automatically identified as follows. First, the left ventricular myocardium is localized in the volumetric ultrasound recording using a fully automatic real-time segmentation framework (i.e. BEAS). Then, the extracted meshes are employed to define a binary mask identifying myocardial voxels only. Later, using these binary images, the percentage of pixels along a given image line that belong to the myocardium is calculated. Finally, a spatially continuous FOV that covers 'T' percentage of the myocardium is found by means of a ring-shaped template matching, giving as a result the opening angle and 'thickness' for a conical scan. This approach was tested on 27 volumetric ultrasound datasets, a T = 85% was used. The mean initial opening angle for a conical scan was of 19.67±8.53° while the mean 'thickness' of the cone was 19.01±3.35°. Therefore, a reduction of 48.99% in the number of transmit events was achieved, resulting in a frame rate gain factor of 1.96. As a conclusion, anatomical scanning in combination with new scanning sequences techniques can increase frame rate significantly while keeping information of the relevant structures for functional imaging.
Boek: 2015 IEEE International Ultrasonics Sumposium (IUS)
Aantal pagina's: 4
Jaar van publicatie:2015
Authors from:Higher Education