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Association of mitral annular disjunction with cardiovascular outcomes among patients with Marfan syndrome

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IMPORTANCE Mitral annular disjunction (MAD) has received particular interest in patients with mitral valve prolapse, ventricular tachycardia, and sudden cardiac death. The clinical significance of MAD for patients with Marfan syndrome (MFS) remains largely unexplored.OBJECTIVE To define the prevalence of MAD and examine its association with cardiovascular outcomes and arrhythmia among patients with MFS.DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS This retrospective, single-center cohort study included 142 patients with a diagnosis of MFS based on the revised Ghent criteria and a confirmed (likely) pathogenic variant in the FBN1 gene who underwent regular follow-up between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2019.MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES The presence of MAD was assessed by echocardiography, and the extent of MAD was categorized in tertiles. Patients also underwent resting electrocardiography and 24-hour Holter monitoring. Outcomes included aortic events (aortic dissection or prophylactic aortic surgery), arrhythmic events (defined as sustained ventricular tachycardia or sudden cardiac death), and mitral valve surgery.RESULTS A total of 142 patients ( 72 female patients [51%]; median age at first examination, 25 years [range, 2-64 years]) were evaluated. Forty-eight patients (34%) had MAD. Patients with MAD had larger aortic root z scores than patients without MAD (4.1 [interquartile range, 2.8-5.7] vs 3.0 [interquartile range, 1.8-4.0]; P<.001) and more often had mitral valve prolapse (34 of 48 [71%] vs 14 of 94 [15%]; P<.001), ventricular ectopy (14 of 33 [42%] vs 15 of 70 [21%]; P=.03), and nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (13 of 33 [39%] vs 12 of 70 [17%]; P=.01). During follow-up, aortic events occurred at similar rates among patients with vs without MAD (15 of 43 [35%] vs 21 of 84 [25%]; P=.24), but patients in the upper MAD tertile (>10 mm) showed a higher occurrence of aortic events compared with patients with MAD of 10 mm or smaller (9 of 15 [60%] vs 6 of 28 [21%]; P=.01). Patients with arrhythmic events (n = 5) and patients requiring mitral valve surgery (n = 7) were observed exclusively in the group displaying MAD.CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE This study suggests that MAD among patients with MFS is associated with the occurrence of arrhythmic events, a higher need for mitral valve intervention, and, among patients with extensive MAD, more aortic events. Cardiac imaging for patients with MFS should consider the assessment of MAD as a potential marker for adverse outcomes.
Tijdschrift: JAMA Cardiology
ISSN: 2380-6583
Issue: 10
Volume: 6
Pagina's: 1177 - 1186
Jaar van publicatie:2021
Trefwoorden:Cardiovasculaire en respiratoire geneeskunde
Toegankelijkheid:Closed