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Arsenic anomalies in soils and rocks occurring in the southwestern part of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Developing legislation on soil protection, including soil quality standards, is not straightforward for areas with high geogenic metal(loid) concentrations in rocks and soils. Several rock types in southern Luxembourg (laterally continuous into Northern France and Southern Belgium) contain elevated potentially toxic element concentrations. Toarcian and Aalenian Minette ironstones, and soils on top, possess high As concentrations (average of ~100 mg/kg, maximum up to 278 mg/kg). Liassic shales show high Mo concentrations (up to 60 mg/kg). Preliminary health risk assessments suggest increased potential non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks. Trace metal and As anomalies, however, do not necessarily pose human and ecotoxicological risks. Petrographic, mineralogical and chemical analyses show a strong association of As to iron oxides present as ooids and rock matrix. Single extractions with CaCl2 (0.01 mol/l) indicated the low As mobility in the Minettes. The Minette rocks with 10–40 wt% iron oxides, and a clay content of typically 10–30 wt% strongly bind As. As long as Eh and pH do not drastically change in soils, As mobility will remain low. For soils that developed on Minettes, it is advised to consider Fe-content as well as As mobility for risk assessment and development of legislation on soil protection.
Tijdschrift: Journal of Hazardous Materials
ISSN: 0304-3894
Volume: 411
Pagina's: 1 - 14
Aantal pagina's: 14
Jaar van publicatie:2021