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The anticonvulsant retigabine suppresses neuronal K(V)2-mediated currents
Tijdschriftbijdrage - e-publicatie
Enhancement of neuronal M-currents, generated through K(V)7.2-K(V)7.5 channels, has gained much interest for its potential in developing treatments for hyperexcitability-related disorders such as epilepsy. Retigabine, a K(V)7 channel opener, has proven to be an effective anticonvulsant and has recently also gained attention due to its neuroprotective properties. In the present study, we found that the auxiliary KCNE2 subunit reduced the K(V)7.2-K(V)7.3 retigabine sensitivity approximately 5-fold. In addition, using both mammalian expression systems and cultured hippocampal neurons we determined that low mu M retigabine concentrations had 'off-target' effects on K(V)2.1 channels which have recently been implicated in apoptosis. Clinical retigabine concentrations (0.3-3 mu M) inhibited K(V)2.1 channel function upon prolonged exposure. The suppression of the K(V)2.1 conductance was only partially reversible. Our results identified K(V)2.1 as a new molecular target for retigabine, thus giving a potential explanation for retigabine's neuroprotective properties.
Tijdschrift: Scientific reports
Trefwoorden:A1 Journal article
Authors from:Higher Education