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Advancing Marburg virus antiviral screening: Optimization of a novel T7 polymerase-independent minigenome system

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Marburg virus (MARV) is the only known pathogenic filovirus not belonging to the genus Ebolavirus. Minigenomes have proven a useful tool to study MARV, but all existing MARV minigenomes are dependent on the addition of an exogenous T7 RNA polymerase to drive minigenome expression. However, exogenous expression of a T7 polymerase is not always feasible and can act as a confounding factor in compound screening assays. We have developed an alternative minigenome that is controlled by the natively expressed RNA polymerase II. We demonstrate here the characteristics of this new system and its applicability in a wide range of cell types. Our system shows a clear concentration-dependent activity and shows comparable activity to the existing T7 polymerase-based system at higher concentrations, also in difficult-to-transfect cell lines. In addition, we show that our system can be used for compound screening in a 96-well format, thereby providing an attractive alternative to previously developed MARV minigenomes.
Tijdschrift: Antiviral Research
ISSN: 0166-3542
Volume: 185
Aantal pagina's: 8
Jaar van publicatie:2021