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Adhesive interactions between milk fat globule membrane and Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG inhibit bacterial attachment to Caco-2 TC7 intestinal cell

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Milk is the most popular matrix for the delivery of lactic acid bacteria, but little is known about how milk impacts bacterial functionality. Here, the adhesion mechanisms of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) surface mutants to a milk component, the milk fat globule membrane (MFGM), were compared using atomic force microscopy (AFM). AFM results revealed the key adhesive role of the LGG SpaCBA pilus in relation to MFGM. A LGG mutant without exopolysaccharides but with highly exposed pili improved the number of adhesive events between LGG and MFGM compared to LGG wild type (WT). In contrast, the number of adhesive events decreased significantly for a LGG mutant without SpaCBA pill. Moreover, the presence of MFGM in the dairy matrix was found to decrease significantly the bacterial attachment ability to Caco-2 TC7 cells. This work thus demonstrated a possible competition between LGG adhesion to MFGM and to epithelial intestinal cells. This competition could negatively impact the adhesion capacity of LGG to intestinal cells in vivo, but requires further substantiation. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Tijdschrift: Colloids and Surfaces B : Biointerfaces
ISSN: 0927-7765
Volume: 167
Pagina's: 44 - 53
Jaar van publicatie:2018