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50 shades of colour

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Ondertitel:how thickness, iron redox and manganese/antimony contents influence perceived and intrinsic colour in Roman glass

Roman glass is studied here by means of optical absorption spectroscopy, in order to provide an objective method to quantitatively evaluate colour. The dataset is composed of 165 soda-lime silicate glass samples from various western European sites, mainly dated from the first to fourth century AD, and containing variable amounts of iron, manganese and/or antimony. Iron redox ratios and colour coordinates (based on the CIELab colour system) are determined and put in relation with the thickness of samples and their manganese/antimony contents. Results reveal thickness as a crucial parameter when discussing glass hues, thus leading to a differentiation between the ‘intrinsic’ and ‘perceived’ colour of glass objects (i.e. the colour of the object with the thickness normalised to 1 mm, and that with its original thickness, respectively). Apart from HIMT and purple glass, the concentration of ferrous iron appears to be correlated with a* — a colourimetric parameter determining how green the glass is. Significant relations of antimony/manganese contents versus iron redox and glass colour are also considered, resulting in quantitative arguments to entitle antimony-decoloured glass as the most oxidised and colourless glass.

Tijdschrift: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences
ISSN: 1866-9557
Issue: 6
Volume: 12
Jaar van publicatie:2020
Trefwoorden:Antimony, Colour, Iron redox, Manganese, Optical absorption spectroscopy, Roman glass
CSS-citation score:3