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A 400 G Omega Input-Impedance Active Electrode for Non-Contact Capacitively Coupled ECG Acquisition With Large Linear-Input-Range and High CM-Interference-Tolerance

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Electrocardiogram (ECG) is one of the major physiological vital signs and an effective monitoring method for patients with cardiovascular diseases. However, existing ECG recordings require a galvanic body contact, which is unpractical in daily life. This paper presents the design of an ECG chip that facilitates non-contact ECG recording through capacitive coupling. With the input impedance boosting techniques, as well as an active driven-right-leg (DRL) which boosts common-mode rejection ratio to 70 dB, the single-ended capacitive feedback active electrode (AE) achieves ultra-high input impedance of 400 GΩ (< 0.5 Hz), a large common-mode interference tolerance (2.8 VPP), and a high linear-input-range (220 m VPP). Implemented in 0.18 μm 5V CMOS process, the prototype occupies an area of 1.23 mm2, and consumes 18 μA and 13 μA for the AE and DRL, respectively. Real life non-contact capacitively coupled ECG acquisition has been demonstrated, obtaining ECG waves and heart rate in the presence of motion artifacts as well as ambient interference.
Tijdschrift: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
ISSN: 1932-4545
Issue: 2
Volume: 13
Pagina's: 376 - 386
Aantal pagina's: 11
Jaar van publicatie:2019